You'll receive your first newsletter soon! Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The Lakeport Plantation house, which was built on the Mississippi River in 1864 in Chicot County, Arkansas, is a gem in the Delta. Records of Louisiana, Arkansas, and Mississippi plantations from the 18th to the early 20th centuries. Notable plantations in Arkansas include the Plantation Agriculture Museum, Arkansas Post, and the Arkansas Repertory Theatre. The home now serves as a museum and educational center teaching visitors about the Johnson family (who occupied the home until 1927), as well as the cotton industry and other historical events that affected residents in the Lake Village area. changed through the years and because the sizeable number of large farms must have resulted in lots of duplication of plantation names. When it came to slavery, Arkansas was different than other states in the South in a few ways. ISBN1455601705. Plantation workers are important to our history because it is a part of our history. The 1860 census counted 69 farms with 1,000 acres or more, which was the largest number of farms of this size. An overseer was a member of the family who worked for the plantations owner. [Click on parish image below to jump to that section of this page.] Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress, Finding The Right Thread Diameter For Your Lawn Mowers Oil Filter, Get A Perfect Cut With A 42 Inch Riding Lawn Mower, What Causes An Ariens Riding Lawn Mower Belt To Break And How To Avoid It, How Big Of A Lawn Can A Corded Mower Cut? Dr. Samuel Kountz conducted the first kidney transplant between a recipient and a donor who did not have identical twins. In 1859 her son, Henri, took control of the estate and tried to turn things around. White oak floors were installed over an inch thick layer of horsehair insulation. Slaves were also forced to work long hours with little to no rest and were not given adequate food or shelter. To see this page as it is meant to appear, please enable your Javascript! The next time you have an event to plan or want to take a walk through history, you will know exactly where to go. This website is using a security service to protect itself from online attacks. The Plantation Agriculture Museum pays homage to the work of cotton growers as well as those who produced gin. There are many, many, many products that are similar. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. The article discusses the history of slavery in the United States, as well as the various states that permitted it. List Of Plantations In Arkansas There are many plantations located in the state of Arkansas. They typically had a few servants who helped with the daily running of the household and the plantation. The Peel Mansion was built in 1875 by Colonel Samuel West Peel, the first native born Arkansan elected to the United States Congress. The states agriculture industry employs over 100,000 people and contributes billions of dollars to the economy each year. In Arkansas in 1860 there were 69 farms of 1,000 acres or more, the . Lakeport Plantation is the only remaining Arkansas antebellum plantation on the Mississippi River. Melrose Plantation, Melrose, LA This plantation is one of the largest plantations in the United States built by and for free people of color. When Lee County was founded in 1873, a significant portion of the land was devoted to plantations that had been previously owned by slaves. Slaves were exported from Africa to the Atlantic during the early 1500s and into the late 1800s. Currently, there are only plantations listed for Chicot County, Jefferson County, Ouachita County, and Phillips County. Example of an 18th-century rum factory, and ruins of a. This is an extensive group of Italians whose roots trace back to the 1895 Italian Colony established to create a farming workforce for the Sunnyside Plantation at Lake Village, Arkansas. It is made of a specific type of wood that would quickly swell as soon as it got wet. Many plantations were simply abandoned as the owners were in financial difficulty. These plantations offer a variety of activities for visitors to enjoy, such as tours of the grounds, gardens, and homes. Furthermore, the overseer would make sure that the slaves received adequate nutrition and water. The plantation could not function without the assistance of many highly skilled enslaved workers. It was estimated that 283,000 slaves lived in Virginia alone at the time, accounting for 42 percent of all slaves in the United States. Complete your day in Scott with a tour of yet another Dortch establishment. The Elms Plantation historic home was built In 1866, just after the Civil War had ended. Cummins Prison Farm (now known as the Cummins Unit) in Arkansas, 1972. Unpublished, or "manuscript", census schedules are the record of individuals and households recorded by the census taker. After the white settlement west of the South-East arrived in 1835, however, the number of people grew. The Plantation Agriculture Museum is focused on the work associated with growing cotton as well as making gin. Arkadelphia. In the early 1800s cotton culture was lucrative, and many planters plowed their profits into acquiring more land and slaves. Many of these purchases were made by people who have recently gained wealth or who made smart financial decisions. My first experience with a plantation home was the summer after college. His eldest son, Lycurgus Leonidas Johnson, received the largest share of his estate, among his six surviving children. that used African slave labor. An important primary resource for examining 19th-century America on a cumulative week-to-week basis. A gang, or bundle, of about 30 to 50 slaves was assigned to each task on the plantation. Prior to the Louisiana Purchase, there were few slaves in Arkansas. Some of the more notable plantations are: The Plantation House, The Columns, and The Grand Manor. OnGenealogy is a directory of family history tools and resources. The Elms Plantation is located at 400 W. Elm Plantation Rd., Altheimer, AR 72004. Plantation owners accumulated a large amount of wealth, which was visible in their lavish homes. Many of these records date back to the early 1800s, when Arkansas was first settled. The subject of the town under Greers Ferry Lake comes up often among Arkansas residents and people always want to see photos of the town , Have you ever heard of splitting a storm with an axe? There are a number of plantations located in Arkansas that date back to the states time as a part of the Confederate States of America. If you have a genealogy-related site youd like people to find, please contact and well list your business in our directory. These are arranged by county and township and include information such as cash value of farm and livestock, total acres of land, total number of animals, tobacco production, total bushels of grain, etc. Slave ownership was prevalent in every county in Arkansas at one time or another. For a more modern take on the Arkansas estate lifestyle, the P. Allen Smith Garden home and farm is the perfect stop. Lakeport is known for its architectural features, despite the fact that it has not been extensively renovated since the nineteenth century. Primm, her mother, Harriet King, and her sister Julia Tyson bought Tempe together, with Tyson becoming the owner, Primms son-in-law. Is frequently found in Freedman. Finally, Arkansas had a higher number of slave rebellions and uprisings than any other slave state. OnlyInYourState may earn compensation through affiliate links in this article. By ratification of the 13th Amendment in 1865, slavery was effectively abolished, setting the stage for future amendments that would abolish it. In 1860, the states population consisted of one-fourth of those under the age of 18. Some of these plantations are still in operation as working farms, while others have been converted into tourist attractions or other uses. Please include what you were doing when this page came up and the Cloudflare Ray ID found at the bottom of this page. When Lee County was founded in 1873, a significant portion of the land was devoted to plantations that had been previously owned by slaves. Some of our partners may process your data as a part of their legitimate business interest without asking for consent. You'll be passing through the Arkansas Delta which has some of the most fertile soil in the south. A field lieutenant with prisoners picking cotton at Cummins Prison Farm in 1975. Arkansas County List. Formed in 1852 from Lafayette, Hempstead and Ouachita Co.s . This collection contains the muster rolls for the Second and Third Regiments, Arkansas Infantry volunteers of African descent, and a couple of Missouri regiments (Arkansas History Commission). The idea was that the roof would help provide adequate ventilation and airflow during sunny days and as soon as the first few raindrops fell, the roof would swell and the gaps would be sealed. Acadia Plantation-- Thibodaux, La Originally named Acadie, the name was changed to Acadia in the 1830's. Once owned by Jim,, Retzin, and Stephen Bowie, the hero of the Alamo, whose family owned it from 1827 to 1831. This is a list of plantations and/or plantation houses in the United States of America that are National Memorials, National Historic Landmarks, listed on the National Register of Historic Places or other heritage register, or are otherwise significant for their history, association with significant events or people, or their architecture and design. The Peel Mansion, built by the first native Arkansan elected to Congress, was dedicated to Colonel Samuel West Peel in 1875. In 1860, Arkansas had 69 farms with 1,000 acres or more in operation. Today, the plantations stories of slavery, sharecropping, and the Johnson family are told in the house and grounds through guided tours and our AASLH award-winning exhibits. -source, Youll find Lakeport Plantation here:601 Highway 142 Lake Village, AR 71653. Until the end of the Civil War in 1865, the practice was a common part of life. The original property totaled 1,600 acres and was eventually expanded to over 7,000 acres. Also known as Beechwood Hall. Constructed of bricks made on the site, the 16" walls are finished with stucco on the exterior and painted white to resemble marble, and the interior is plastered. The museum is located at 4815 Ark.161 S., Scott, AR 72142. There was one mall in Arkansas, the only one in the state, located in Mountain Home, AR 72653. Lakeport Plantation is located in Shiawassee, Arkansas, and has a built area of 5 acres (2.0 ha) and a population of approximately 7,400 people. You will find the Charlotte Teresa Plantation here:131 Alldon Marie Rd, Atkins, AR 72823. It will be time for lunch upon arrival in town so look for Rhoda's Famous Hot Tamales on Saint Mary Street. The Lawrence County estate, # x27, is located in rural Georgia. Formed in 1818 from Arkansas Co. COLUMBIA. [1] [2] [3] Arkansas is home to several beautiful plantation homes that are perfect places for weddings or just a walk through history.
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